April 15th, 2009

Beyond Perreo

I’m heading to Seattle tomorrow to attend EMP’s Pop Conference for the second time (the last time was back in 07). I think EMP might have the best vibes of any music conference I’ve attended (and I’ve attended a few). The reason is simple: it brings together people — generally academics and professional music writers — who: a) are excited about music, and b) are excited about the challenges and joys of finding words to talk about music. Neither of these conditions is necessarily — or even commonly — found among the attendees of academic music conferences, in my dreary experience. (Don’t get me wrong, though, I also feel quite at home nerding out with a few fellow excited-abouts at SEM each year.)

This time around I won’t be “giving” a “paper”; instead, I’ll be speaking on a roundtable alongside two fellow Reggaeton contributors, Alexandra Vasquez (who wrote an imaginative, interesting piece about Ivy Queen for the volume) and my co-editor Raquel Rivera. The topic of our panel has to do with reggaeton but, rather than presenting summaries of our chapters or something wack like that, we’re turning our attention instead to perreo and the myriad questions posed by the genre’s provocative dance. Here’s the blurb from the conference website:

Friday, April 17, 2009:
2:00 – 3:45
>> iReggaetón! Perreo and Beyond
Venue: JBL Theater

Reggaetón and especially perreo, the genre’s doggystyle dance, has been accused of facilitating corruption. This discussion, keyed to a new book, links sympathetic and critical observers from the humanities and social sciences, visual artists and genre performers, and a perspective from Jamaica.

Moderated by: Alexandra Vazquez
Featuring: Wayne Marshall, Raquel Rivera, Alexandra Vazquez

I’m sorry to report that our “perspective from Jamaica” will be absent from the conversation. We were excited to have Sonjah Stanley Niaah join us, but at the last minute she was unable to make the trip. That’s unfortunate, especially since I’m eager to talk about perreo (aka, winding, grinding, freaking, etc.) in cross-cultural perspective, not to mention reaffirming the links between reggaeton and reggae. We’ll still do all that, no doubt, especially anticipating all the knowledgeable colleagues who might be in the audience. But it would have been great to have Sonjah inna the house.

For my part, I’ll be discussing the circulation of “perreo” outside of Puerto Rico — both traveling with and, interestingly, also without reggaeton. See, e.g., Colombia, where you get perreo con champeta

Or an old favorite of mine: Peru’s own Perreo Chacalonero (see also). Recuerda esto?:

Among other things, I’m interested in how perreo enters into (inter)national(istic) discourse around race, class, gender, and morals. I also think there are some interesting ways in which Peruano instantiations of perreo call special attention to dimensions of the dance that challenge too easy an understanding as patriarchal/submissive.

I’m quite looking forward to hearing what Alex and Raq have to say too. For her part, and I hope she doesn’t mind my sharing this, Raquel wants to discuss

recent written/visual work focused on dance/music and eroticism/explicit sexuality in hip-hop, dancehall and reggaeton… and explore how those works grapple with issues of power, healing, objectification, commodification, liberation, etc. I want to understand better the points of contention among feminists/”progressives.” My focus will be perreo in reggaeton but since there has been so little on the subject… I want to discuss it within a broader framework.

That’s a lot of stuff I’ve also been trying to wrap my head around lately in various ways, partly in conversation with Raquel and Sonjah and others. I can’t wait to hear what other perspectives emerge on Friday. (I’m also looking forward, among other things, to this.)

Finally, let me leave you with our initial abstract for EMP, as I think it lays out in greater detail (and fine concision, if I don’t say so myself) what we’d like to talk about —

¡Reggeatón! Perreo and Beyond

In the last decade, reggaetón has risen from the Puerto Rican underground to the global mainstream. Reflecting as it informs the shifting shapes of American society, the genre’s hyper-modern, synth-driven mix of rap and reggae, with occasional “Latin” flourishes, has topped international charts while finding grassroots adherents across the Americas. Ubiquitous in urban soundscapes and penetrating the heartlands via digital media, reggaetón animates vociferous debates around race and nation, class and gender, morals and mores. Crucial to its appeal and rejection alike, reggaetón travels not simply as music, but as image, fashion, and dance. As such — and especially as perreo, the doggystyle dance so part and parcel of the genre — reggaetón has been accused of aiding and abetting the dirtiest of dancing, providing the default soundtrack for sex work, and facilitating the corruption and deflowering of young people on dancefloors worldwide.

¡Reggeatón! Perreo and Beyond celebrates the production of critical literature on the genre, the forthcoming volume Reggaeton (Duke University Press, February 2009), as it offers new directions for subsequent scholarship by extending the book’s topics and analyses. Edited by Raquel Rivera, Wayne Marshall and Deborah Pacini Hernandez, the volume is the first of its kind to stage a conversation between scholars in the humanities, social sciences, and the genre’s performers. Our panel gathers representatives from all three constituencies and adds a perspective from Jamaica, a crucial source of inspiration for reggaeton music and dance. As sympathetic and critical observers, we engage reggaeton’s twists and turns in order to better see it, hear it, feel it, and tell it like it is.

I suspect there’ll be a few friends & readers of this humble blog in the strangely shaped house. Hope to see some of you there —


  • 1. Nina  |  April 16th, 2009 at 8:30 am

    my favorite subject, wish i could be there! i’m 38 and love reggaeton- the scene, not just the music. imagine MY dilemma re issues of gender and class! 38 year old decent women SHOULD NOT DANCE PERREO!!

    my mom laughs and says, “when i was young we used to do this dance called the “detroit dog”. filthy doggy style dancing-nothing new. racist BS, everything that I find fun is nasty and declasse and vulgar, but its ok when white folk listen to the Rolling Stones or the Sex Pistols and remember their weed-hazed sexually free youth.

    ANYWAY, i hope it goes well for you!

  • 2. wayneandwax  |  April 16th, 2009 at 11:23 am

    thx, nina! wish you could be there. ha, the dirty dog! hadn’t heard that variation before ;)

  • 3. NINA  |  April 16th, 2009 at 12:13 pm

    i’ve done every dog dance i could figure out a way to learn
    when i was 13 it was to Atomic Dog,LOL

    someone has to do it!!!

  • 4. Arroz Con Beans | Perreo&hellip  |  April 16th, 2009 at 12:22 pm

    […] seems there is some study of perreo going on. Woohoo. http://wayneandwax.com/?p=1843 Reggaetón and especially perreo, the genre’s doggystyle dance, has been accused of facilitating […]

  • 5. The Incredible Kid  |  April 17th, 2009 at 12:54 pm

    Yess!!! I just drove up to Seattle last night and had no idea this was going on.


  • 6. The Incredible Kid  |  April 21st, 2009 at 8:21 pm

    Got back to work after the weekend of the conference and found my copy of Reggaeton waiting for me. So cool. Can’t wait to dig in.


  • 7. wayneandwax  |  September 8th, 2010 at 2:21 pm

    And here’s another example, from Chief Boima’s great shots taken recently in Baranquilla:


  • 8. wayneandwax.com » N&hellip  |  March 7th, 2011 at 5:37 pm

    […] cannot be posted with out this kneejerk embed-again […]


I'm a techno-musicologist, internet annotator, imagined community organizer.

I left my <3 in the digital global, but I reside in Cambridge, MA, where I'm from.

I represent like that.

wayne at wayneandwax dot com

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